Parliamentary Debates,







Appointed to meet at Westminster, the Twenty-eighth Day of August, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Six; and from thence continued, by Prorogation, to the Fifteenth Day of December, in the Forty-seventh Year of the Reign of his Majesty King GEORGE the Third, Annoque Domini One Thousand Eight Hundred and Six.









THE present Volume comprises the period between the Opening of the First Session of the Third Parliament of the United Kingdom, on the 15th of December, 1806, and the 4th of March, 1807. In the pages immediately succeeding the Table of Contents, will be found a correct List of the Ministry; together with a List of the Members returned for the New Parliament in December, 1806. The Papers relative to the Negociation with France are given at page 92; and the Appendix contains the whole of the Tables and Calculations relative to the New Plan of Finance, proposed to Parliament in January 1807, by Lord Henry Petty, then Chancellor of the Exchequer. The Annual Financial Accounts, will be given in the Appendix to the Ninth Volume.

1806. Dec. 15. Opening of the Session—The lord chancellor
19. The Lords Commissioners' speech—The earl of Jersey, lord Somers, lord Hawkesbury, lord Grenville, lord Hawkesbury, earl of Radnor, lord Grenville, earl of Radnor
22. Battle of Maida; Vote of Thanks to sir J. Stuart, &c.—Lord Grenville
1807. Jan. 2. Slave-Trade Abolition Bill—Lord Grenville, lord Hawkesbury, lord Eldon, lord Grenville, lord Eldon, earl Grosvenor, duke of Clarence
Negociation with France—Lord Grenville, lord Hawkesbury, lord Sidmouth, earl Grosvenor, lord Eldon, lord Grenville, lord Eldon, earl of Lauderdale
9. Malt Duty bill—The lord chancellor
12. Slave-Trade Abolition Bill—Lord Hawkesbury, lord Grenville
21. Slave-Trade Abolition Bill—Lord Grenville, earl of Westmoreland, lord Grenville
Feb. 2. Slave-Trade Abolition Bill—Lord Grenville, earl of Westmoreland, lord Grenville, earl of Westmoreland, lord Grenville, lord Hawkesbury
4. Scotch Judicature Bill—Lord Grenville, lord Hawkesbury, lord Grenville, lord Eldon
4. Slave-Trade Abolition Bill—Lord Grenville, lord Eldon, earl Grosvenor, lord Hawkesbury, lord Holland, duke of Clarence, lord chancellor, lord Grenville, duke of Clarence, lord Holland, bishop of London, lord Eldon, lord Grenville
5. Slave-Trade Abolition Bill—Lord Grenville, duke of Clarence, duke of Gloucester, earl Morton, earl of Westmoreland, earl of Selkirk, lord Sidmouth, earl of Roslyn, earl St. Vincent, lord King, lord Northesk, lord Eldon, bishop of Durham, earl of Moira, lord Hawkesbury, lord Holland, earl of Suffolk
6. Slave-Trade Abolition Bill—Lord Grenville, lord Hardwicke, lord Grenville, lord Redesdale, lord Grenville, lord Hawkesbury, earl of Carnarvon, lord Chancellor, earl Morton, earl Stanhope, lord Redesdale, earl of Lauderdale, duke of Montrose, lord Holland, duke of Clarence
9. Slave-Trade Abolition Bill—Lord Grenville, lord Redesdale, lord Grenville, Bishop of London, earl St. Vincent
10. Slave-Trade Abolition Bill—Lord Redesdale, earl of Buckinghamshire, duke of Norfolk, earl of Westmoreland, lord Grenville
12. Lord De Dunstanville's Indemnity Bill—The lord chancellor, lord Walsingham
16. Scotch Judicature Bill—Lord Grenville, duke of Montrose, lord Eldon, lord Hawkesbury, lord Ellenborough, lord Grenville, earl of Suffolk, lord chancellor
27. Insolvent Debtors—Lord Holland
Taxation—The earl of Warwick, lord Grenville, earl of Warwick, earl of Selkirk, earl of Warwick
Dec. 15. Choice of a Speaker—Mr. Bragge Bathurst, mr. Wilberforce, mr. Abbot, mr. T. Grenville
19. The Lords Commissioners' Speech—The Speaker, hon. Wm. Lamb, mr. John Smith, mr. Canning, lord Howick, lord Castlereagh, lord Howick, mr. sec. Windham
20. The Lords Commissioners' Speech—Lord Howick, mr. Canning, lord Howick, mr. Perceval, lord H. Petty, mr. Perceval, sir J. Pulteney, mr. Johnstone, lord H. Petty
22. Battle of Maida: Vote of Thanks to sir J. Stuart, &c.—Mr. sec. Windham, sir John Doyle, mr. Johnstone, mr. sec. Windham
23. Galway Election Writ—Lord Howick, mr. Corry, lord Howick
24. Galway Election Writ—Lord Howick, mr. Corry
Salary of the Chairman of the Ways and Means—Mr. Biddulph, lord Howick, mr. Biddulph
Westminster Election Petition—Lord Folkestone, mr. Sheridan, mr. Perceval, mr. Sheridan, lord Folkestone
29. Navy Estimates—Mr. T. Grenville
30. Sugar Distilleries—Lord Temple, mr. Dent, lord Temple, mr. Baker
Woollen Trade—Lord Temple
Negociation with France—Mr. Perceval, lord Howick, mr. Perceval, lord Howick, mr. Canning, lord Howick, mr. Canning, mr. Sheridan, mr. Perceval, lord Yarmouth
1807. Jan. 1. Resolutions relative to Private Bills—Lord Howick, mr. Johnstone, mr. Bathurst, mr. Fuller, mr. Fellowes, mr. Johnstone, lord Howick
5. Thetford Election Petition—Mr. Whitbread, mr. Mingay, mr. Whitbread, mr. Mingay, mr. Bathurst, the Attorney-general, mr. Whitbread, mr. Rose, lord Howick
Negociation with France—Lord Howick, lord Yarmouth, lord Howick, mr. Montague, sir T. Turton, mr. Whitbread, mr. Canning, lord H. Petty, mr. Perceval, lord Howick, mr. Perceval, lord Howick, mr. Perceval
6. Thetford Election Petition—Mr. Whitbread, mr. Mingay, mr. Tierney, the Attorney-general, mr. C. Wynne, the Solicitor-general, mr. Roscoe, mr. Bathurst, mr. Johnstone
Dublin Election Petition—Mr. C. Wynne, mr. Calcraft, the Speaker, mr, C. Wynne
7. Ordnance Estimates—Mr. Calcraft
8. Ordnance Estimates—Mr. Johnstone, mr. Calcraft, mr. Johnstone, mr. Calcraft
Military Establishments of the Country—Lord Castlereagh, mr. sec. Windham, lord Castlereagh, mr. Windham, lord Castlereagh
9. Battle of Maida—Mr. Wilder, mr. sec. Windham
Ordnance Estimates—Mr. Calcraft, mr. Johnstone, mr. Calcraft
12. Conduct of Mr. Cawthorne—General Porter, mr, Cawthorne, general Porter, mr. Cawthorne, gen. Porter
Jan. 12. Conduct of Lord Wellesley—Lord Folkestone, lord Howick, lord Folkestone, lord Howick, lord Folkestone
Oak Bark Bill—Lord Folkestone, lord Temple
Irish Election Bill—Sir John Newport
Military Establishments—Lord Castlereagh, mr. sec. Windham, lord Castlereagh, mr. sec. Windham
13. Conduct of Lord Wellesley—Mr. W. Pole
14. American Treaty—General Gascoyne, lord Howick
16. Conduct of Mr. Cawthorne—Lord Howick, general Porter, mr. Cawthorne, lord Howick
Order of Council relative to Neutrals—Mr. Perceval, lord Howick, mr. Perceval, lord Howick, mr. Perceval
Jan. 16. Army Estimates—Mr. Johnstone, the Secretary at War, mr. Calcraft, mr S. Bourne, lord Temple, mr. Rose, lord Howick, mr. Perceval, mr. Montague, mr. Biddulph, mr. Calcraft, mr. Montague, mr. Vansittart, mr. Ruthven, sir R. Williams, lord Castlereagh, the Secretary at War, mr. Johnstone, lord Howick, mr. Perceval, lord Howick, mr. Whitbread, mr. Perceval, lord Howick, mr. Johnstone, the Speaker, lord H. Petty, mr. Fuller, mr. Johnstone
20. Neutral Trade: Buenos Ayres, &c.—Sir T. Turton, lord Howick, sir T. Turton, lord Howick, mr. Perceval
21. Londonderry Election Petition—General Walpole, mr. W. Dundas, general Walpole, mr. W. Dundas, sir J. Newport, mr. W. Dundas, mr. Perceval, general Walpole, lord Howick, mr. Rose, mr. C. Wynne, lord G. Beresford
Army Estimates—Lord Castlereagh, mr. sec. Windham, the Secretary at War, lord Castlereagh, mr. sec. Windham, mr. Perceval, lord Howick, sir J. Doyle, mr. Johnstone, the Secretary at War, lord H. Petty
23. Militia Officers—Lord Castlereagh
Criminal and Pauper Lunatics—Mr. C. Wynne, mr. S. Bourne, mr. C. Wynne.
Conduct of Mr. Cawthorne—General Porter, mr. Cawthorne, lord Howick, mr. S. Stanhope, mr. W. Herbert, general Gascoyne, lord Folkestone, the Attorney-general, mr. Bathurst, the Attorney-general, capt. Herbert, the Attorney-general, general Gascoyne, lord W. Russell, mr. R. Ward, the Attorney-general, mr. Adam, mr. Hurst, lord Howick, mr. S. Stanhope, mr. Bankes, lord Howick
Petition of the Electors of Lancaster respecting Mr. Cawthorne—Lord G. Cavendish, capt. Herbert, lord G. Cavendish, mr. Cawthorne, mr. S. Stanhope, lord Stanley, mr. S. Bourne, mr. S. Stanhope, the Speaker, lord Howick
Navy Estimates—Mr. T. Grenville, mr. Johnstone, mr. Rose, mr. Perceval, lord H. Petty, admiral Markham, mr. Perceval, mr. Rose, mr. T. Grenville, mr. Rose, mr. T. Grenville, mr. Vansittart, sir J. Newport, mr. Rose, mr. Ruthven, mr. Rose, mr. Vansittart
Army Estimates—Sir James Pulteney, sir J. Doyle, mr. Johnstone, mr. Rose, mr. H. Thornton, mr. Jacob, lord H. Petty
26. Oak Bark Bill—Mr. W. Herbert, mr. Wilberforce, lord Temple, mr. Rose, mr. Sheridan, mr. Corry, mr. Whitbread, mr. Grattan
Conduct of Lord Wellesley—Lord Folkestone, lord Howick, lord Folkestone, sir J. Anstruther, lord Folkestone, sir J. Anstruther, mr. W. Keene, mr. Bankes, mr. Sheridan, lord Folkestone, mr. Sheridan, mr. Whitbread, mr. W. Pole, mr. Sheridan, mr. R. Thornton
27. Scotch Clergy Bill—The Lord Advocate, mr. W. Dundas, mr. Perceval, mr. W. Dundas, mr. Horner, the Lord Advocate
28. Barrack Supplies—Lord A. Hamilton, mr. S. Bourne, lord H. Petty
Freehold Estates Bill—The Solicitor-general, mr. C. Wynne
Jan. 29. Slave-Trade Abolition Bill.—Mr. Wilberforce, lord Howick
New Plan of Finance—Lord H. Petty, mr. Rose, lord H. Petty, mr. Johnstone, lord H. Petty, mr H. Addington, mr. Parnell, mr. Corry, mr. Johnstone
Feb. 2. Treasurership of the Navy—Mr. Sheridan
Irish Treasury Bills' Bill—Sir J. Newport, mr. Johnstone, sir J. Newport, mr. Johnstone
Third Military Report: Conduct of Mr. Alexander Davison—Lord A. Hamilton, the Speaker, lord A. Hamilton, lord H. Petty, the Attorney-general
3. Scotch Clergy Bill—Mr. Kenrick, mr. Wilberforce, the Speaker, mr. Adam, the Lord Advocate
Feb. 4. Order in Council respecting Neutral Vessels—Mr. Perceval, the Advocate-general, mr. Jacob, lord Castlereagh, lord Temple, sir T. Turton, lord Howick, mr. Perceval
5. Third Military Report: Conduct of Mr. Alexander Davison—Mr. Rose, lord H. Petty, mr. Perceval, mr. Rose, lord A. Hamilton, lord H. Petty
6 Petition respecting the Hampshire Election—Mr. A. Smith, mr. Tierney, mr. C. Wynne, the Speaker, mr. Canning, mr. Broderick, mr. A. Smith, lord Temple, mr. Canning, mr. Tierney, mr. Perceval, mr. C. Wynne, mr. Hurst, mr. Rose, mr. S. Bourne, mr. Fremantle, mr. S. Bourne, lord Howick
Massacre at Vellore—Mr. Howard, mr Tierney
9. Grenville Election Act—Mr. Simeon, mr. Bankes, mr. Simeon, mr. C. Wynne, the Attorney-general, mr. Simeon, lord Folkestone, mr. C. Wynne
Foreign Property in the Funds—Mr. Bankes, lord H. Petty
10. Sinecure Places and Pensions—Mr. Biddulph, lord Folkestone, lord H. Petty, mr. Wilberforce, lord H. Petty, mr. Wilberforce, mr. Fawkes, mr. Ellison, mr Biddulph, mr. Calvert
Slave-Trade Abolition Bill—Mr. Hibbert, lord Howick, gen. Gascoyne, mr. W. Plumer, gen. Gascoyne, mr. T. W. Plumer, lord Howick, mr. Hibbert, lord H. Petty, capt. Herbert, mr. H. Addington, mr. I. H. Browne, lord Temple, mr. Tierney, mr. Babington, mr. Hibbert, lord Howick
11. Finance, Committee—Mr. Biddulph, mr. Bathurst, mr. Calvert, mr. Bathurst, lord H. Petty, mr. Johnstone, mr. Fremantle
12. New Plan of Finance: Lord Castlereagh's Resolutions—Lord Castlereagh, lord H. Petty, mr. Rose
13. Petition respecting the Hampshire Election—Mr. A. Smith, sir H. Mildmay, mr. Fremantle, sir H. Mildmay, mr. Broderick, mr. W. Herbert, mr. Jeffery, mr. Biddulph, mr. Fremantle, mr. C. Jenkinson, mr. Tierney, mr. S. Stanhope, the Speaker, mr. Tierney, sir H. Mildmay, mr. Canning, mr. W. Adam, lord Folkestone, mr. Johnstone, mr. Bathurst, mr. Perceval, lord Howick, mr. Rose, mr. Calcraft, the Solicitor-general
16. New Plan of Finance—Lord Castlereagh, lord H. Petty, mr. Long, mr. Tierney, mr. Rose, lord H. Petty, lord Castlereagh, mr. Giles, lord Castlereagh, mr. Giles, mr. D. Giddy
17. Scotch Clergy Bill—The Lord Advocate, the Speaker, mr. W. Dundas, lord A. Hamilton, the Lord Advocate
Sugar Drawbacks—Lord H. Petty
18. Barrack Abuses—Mr. Robson, lord Howick, col. Barry, mr. Robson, lord Howick, mr. Robson
South-Sea Trade Bill—Sir C. Price, mr. Rose, lord Temple, mr. Jacob, mr. Tierney, sir C. Price, mr. Rose
Sugar Drawbacks—Mr. Hobhouse
1807. Feb. 18. Additional Duty on Foreign Brandy—Lord H. Petty, mr. Rose, lord H. Petty, gen. Gascoyne
Freehold Estates Bill—The Solicitor-general, mr. W. Herbert, mr. Fellowes, the Master of the Rolls, the Solicitor-general, mr. Canning, the Solicitor-general, mr. Canning, the Attorney-general, mr. Perceval, mr. Morris
New Plan of Finance—Mr. S. Bourne, mr. H. Thornton, lord H. Petty, mr. Rose, lord H. Petty, lord Howick, lord. H. Petty
19. Poor-Laws Bill—Mr. Whitbread, mr. Rose, mr. Whitbread, mr. Rose, mr. Lee Keck, mr. Calvert, mr. Ellison, mr. S. Stanhope, lord Howick, mr. S. Bourne, mr. Whitbread, sir J. Newport, mr. Bathurst, mr. Whitbread
New Plan of Finance—Sir J. Pulteney, mr. H. Thornton. mr. Johnstone, mr. Bankes, mr. Rose, mr. Corry, mr. Perceval, lord H. Petty, lord Castlereagh, mr. Huskisson, mr. Vansittart, mr. Canning
20. Mutiny Bill: Roman Catholics—Lord Howick, mr. Yorke, lord Howick
Westminster Election Petition—Mr. Sheridan, lord Folkestone, lord Howick, lord Folkestone, the Attorney-general, mr. Perceval, mr. P. Moore, lord Folkestone
Irish Miscellaneous Services: Roman Catholic College at Maynooth—Mr. H. A. Herbert, sir J. Newport, mr. Corry, mr. Wilberforce, mr. Perceval, sir J. Newport, mr. Herbert, mr. Perceval, sir J. Newport, mr. Perceval, mr. Grattan, mr. Bankes, captain Herbert, lord Stanley
Slave-Trade Abolition Bill—General Gascoyne, lord Howick, mr. Fuller, general Gascoyne, mr. Hibbert, sir C. Pole, mr. Wilberforce, mr. Howorth, lord Howick, general Gascoyne, sir P. Francis, mr. Roscoe, mr. R. Thornton, mr. S. Stanhope
23. Poor-Laws Bill—Mr. Whitbread, Mr. Morris, the Speaker, mr. Morris
Slave-Trade Abolition Bill—Mr. Manning, lord Howick, general Gascoyne, mr. Roscoe, mr. Lushington, mr. Fawkes, lord Mahon, lord Milton, mr. Bathurst, sir J. Doyle, the Solicitor-general, mr. Hibbert, mr. Wilberforce, sir J. Doyle, mr. Manning, mr. H. Addington, earl Percy
26. Mr. Paull's Petition respecting the Westminster Election—Lord Folkestone, mr. Sheridan, lord Folkestone, the Speaker, lord Howick, lord Folkestone, mr. Sheridan, lord Howick, the Speaker, lord Folkestone, lord Howick, lord Folkestone, Mr. Adam, lord Folkestone
New Plan of Finance—Lord Castlereagh
Carnatic Papers—Sir T. Turton, sir J. Anstruther, mr. Grant, sir J. Anstruther, mr. Grant, sir A. Wellesley, mr. R. Thornton, mr. Tierney, lord Folkestone, mr. H. Addington, mr. S. Stanhope, sir T. Turton, sir A. Wellesley, sir T. Turton, mr. Fuller, mr. Sheridan
27. Petition from St. Martin's Le Grand respecting the Westminster Election—Mr. Biddulph, lord Howick, mr. C. Wynne, lord Temple, mr. Fuller, mr. Whitbread, the Speaker, mr. Biddulph, general Vyse, mr. Lyttleton, mr. Lamb, mr. Sheridan, mr. Robinson, mr. Adam, mr. Biddulph, mr. Sheridan
Slave-Trade Abolition Bill—Sir C. Pole, mr. Hughan, mr. A. Browne, mr. Barham, mr. Courtenay, sir R. Milbanke, mr. Montague, mr. Hibbert, mr. Bathurst, mr. Jacob, mr. Windham, mr. Whitbread, mr. Fuller, mr. Herbert, lord Howick, general Gascoyne
March 2. Mr. Paull's Petition respecting the Westminster Election—Lord Folkestone, mr. Sheridan, mr. P. Moore, lord Folkestone, mr. Sheridan, lord Howick, mr. T. Grenville, mr. Baker, the Attorney-General, the Speaker, general Phipps, the Speaker, lord Howick, lord A. Hamilton, mr. Whitbread, mr. Baker, the Speaker
1807. March 3 New Plan of Finance—Sir J. Pulteney, lord H. Petty
4. Mutiny Bill—Lord Howick, mr. Yorke
Committee of Supply: Prussia—Lord H. Petty, mr. Bankes, lord H. Petty
Committee of Ways and Means: Budget—Lord H. Petty, mr. Rose, lord H. Petty, Mr. Fellowes, sir T. Turton, mr. Vansittart
Irish Miscellaneous Services: Roman Catholic College at Maynooth—Mr. Perceval, sir J. Newport, mr. Bankes, lord Mahon, Mr. Wilberforce, lord Howick
The Lords Commissioners' Speech on Opening the Session
Address of the Commons on the Lords Commissioners' Speech
Mr. Canning's Amendment to the Address of the Commons on the Lords Commissioners' Speech
Papers relative to the Negociation with France, presented, by his Majesty's command, to both Houses of Parliament, 22d December, 1806
Declaration of the King of Great Britain; dated Oct. 21, 1806
Message from the King relative to Prussia
Tables and Calculations respecting the New Plan of Finance
Petition of the Electors of Lancaster respecting Mr. Cawthorne
Petition respecting the Hampshire Election
Petitions against the Slave-Trade Abolition Bill
Petition from Mr. Paull respecting the Westminster Election
Petition from the Parish of St. Martin's-le-Grand respecting, the Westminster Election
List of the Minority on Mr. Asheton Smith's Motion, relative to the Petition respecting the Hampshire Election, February 13, 1807
List of his Majesty's Ministers as it stood at the Opening of the Session, December 15, 1806
List of the House of Commons as it stood at the Opening of the Session, Dec. 15, 1806
Cabinet Ministers.
Viscount Sidmouth President of the council.
Lord Frskine Lord High Chancellor.
Lord Holland Lord Privy Seal
Lord Grenville First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister).
The Right Hon. Thomas Grenville First Lord of the Admiralty.
Earl of Moira Master-general of the Ordnance.
Earl Spencer Secretary of State for the Home Department.
Lord Howick Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
Right Hon. William Windham Secretary of State for the Department of War and the Colonies.
Lord Ellenborough Lord Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench.
Lord Henry Petty Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of the Exchequer.
Earl Fitz William (A Seat without an Office).
Not of the Cabinet.
The Right Hon. George Tierney President of the Board of Controul for the Affairs of India.
Earl of Derby Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.
Lord Auckland President of the Board of Trade.
Right Hon. Richard Fitzpatrick Secretary at War.
Right Hon. Richard Brinsley Sheridan Treasurer of the Navy.
Earl Temple Joint Paymaster-general.
Lord John Townshend
Earl of Buckinghamshire Joint Paymaster-general.
Earl of Carysfort
Right Hon. Nicholas Vansittart Secretaries of the Treasury.
William Henry Fremantle, Esq
Sir William Grant Master of the Rolls.
Sir Arthur Pigott Attorney-General.
Sir Samuel Romilly Solicitor-General.
His Grace the Duke of Bedford Lord Lieutenant.
Right Hon. George Ponsonby Lord High Chancellor.
Right Hon. William Elliott Chief Secretary.
Right Hon. Sir John Newport Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Which met on the 15th of December, 1806


Abbot, right honourable Charles, Speaker, Oxford University, Heytesbury

Abercromby, honourable Geo., Clackmannan-shire

Acheson, lord viscount, Armagh county

*A'Court, sir W. P. A. bart.; Heytesbury

Adair, Robert, Camelford

*Adam, Wm., Kincardine-shire

Adams, Charles, Weymouth, and Melcombe Regis

Adams, William, Totness

Addington, right honourable John Hiley, Harwich

Althorp, lord viscount, Northampton county

Andrews, Miles Peter, Bewdley

Anson, George, Litchfield

*Anstruther, right honourable sir John, bart. ; Craill, &c.

Antonie, William Lee, Bedford borough

Archdall, Mervyn, Fermanagh

Ashley, hon. Cropley, Dorchester

*Atherley, Arth., Southampton

Aubrey, sir John, bart. ; Aldeburgh, Suffolk

Babington, Thomas, Leicester borough

Bagenal, Walter, Catherlogh county

Bagwell, William, Clonmell

Baillie, Evan, Bristol

Baillie, George, Berwick-shire

Baker, John, Canterbury

Baker, Wm., Hertford county

Bampfylde, sir Charles W. bart.; Exeter

Bankes, Henry, Corfe Castle

Barclay, George, Bridport

Barclay, sir Robert, bart.; Newtown, Hants

Barham, Joseph Foster, Oakhampton, Stockbridge

*Baring, Alexander, Taunton

*Baring, Henry, Bossiney

*Baring, T., Chipping Wycombe

Barlow, H., Pembroke borough

Barne, Snowdon, Dunwich

*Barnett, James, Rochester

*Barry, John, Cavan

Bastard, Edmund, Dartmouth

Bastard, John Pollexfen, Devon

Bathurst. right hon. C., Bristol

Beach, Mich. Hicks, Cirencester

Beaumont, Thomas Richard, Northumberland

*Beckford, William, Hindon

*Bennett, honourable Henry Grey, Shrewsbury

Benyon, Richard, Wallingford

Beresford, lord George Thomas, Londonderry county

Beresford, John Claudius, Waterford county

Berkeley, honourable George C., Gloucester county

*Bernard, lord visct., Youghall

*Bernard, Scrope, St. Mawes

Bernard, Thomas, King's County

Bertle, Albemarle, Stamford

*Bewicke, Calv., Winchelsea

*Biddulph, Robert Myddelton, Denbigh borough

Blackburne, J. Lancaster county

*Blayney, lord, Old Sarum

Bligh, Thomas, Meath

Bond, right hon. Nathanael, Corfe Castle

*Bonham, Henry, Leominster

Bootle, Edward Wilbraham, Newcastle-under-Lyme

Bourne, Wm. Sturges, Christchurch

*Bouverie, hon. B., Downton

*Bouverie, hon. D. P., Downton

Bouverie, honourable Edward, Northampton borough

Boyle, lord, visct, Cork county

*Boyle, hon. C., Bandon Bridge

Bradshaw, hon. A. C., Honiton

Bradshaw, R. Haldane, Brackley

Brandling, Charles John, Newcastle-upon-Tyne

Brodie, James, Elginshire

Brodrick, hon. W., Whitchurch

Brogden, James, Launceston

*Bromley, Hen., Worcester city

Brooke, Charles, Chippenham

*Brooke, H. V., Donegal

Brooke, lord, Warwick borough

Brooke, Thomas Newton, Lane.

*Browne, Anthony, Heydon

Browne, right hon. Denis, Mayo

Browne, Is. Hawk., Bridgenorth

Bruce, lord, Marlborough

Bruce, Patrick Craufurd, Rye

Buller, Edward, East Looe

Buller, James, Exeter

*Buller, James, West Looe

Buller, John, East Looe

Bullock, John, Essex

Bunbury, sir Thomas Charles, bart.; Suffolk

Burghersh, lord, Lyme Regis

*Burrell, sir Charles Mer., bart.; New Shoreham

Burton, Francis, Oxford city

Burton, hon. Franc. Nath., Clare

Butler, honourable C. Harward, Kilkenny city

Butler, hon. J., Kilkenny county

Byng, George, Middlesex

Calcraft, John, Rochester

Calvert, J., Huntingdon borough

Calvert, N., Hertford borough

*Callander, sir John, bart.; Berwick upon Tweed

*Camphell, Arch., Renfrew, &c.

*Campbell, George, Carmar then borough

*Campbell, H. F., Nairnshire

Campbell, lord J. Argyll-shire

Campbell, John, Inverary, &c.

Canning, right hon. George, Newtown, Hants

Canning, George, Sligo, borough

Carew, right hon. R. Pole, Fowey

*Carew, Robert Shapland, Wexford county

Cartwright, William Ralph, Northampton county

Castlerereagh, lord viscount, Plympton Earle

Caulfield, hon. Henry, Armagh county

Cavendish, lord G. A. H., Derliy county

*Cavendish, G. H. compton, Aylesbury

Cavendish, Wm., Derby borough

*Cawthorne, John Fenton, Lancaster borough

*Champernowne, A., Saltash

Chaplin, C., Lincoln county

Chester, Chas., Castle Rising

Chichester, lord Spencer, Carrickfergus

Cholmondeley, Thomas, Chester county

Clements, Henry John, Leitrim

*Clinton, W. H., Borough bridge

*Clive, lord viscount, Ludlow

Clive, hon. Robert, Ludlow

Clive, Wm., Bishop's Castle

*Cochrane, lord, Honiton

*Cocks, hon. Edw. C., Reigaet

Codrington, Chris. Tewkesbury

Coke, Daniel Parker, Nottingham town

Coke, Edward, Derby borough

Coke, Thos. William, Norfolk

Colborne, Nicolas William Ridley, Malmesbury

Colclough, J., Wexford county

Cole, hon. Galb. L., Fermanagh

Combe, Harvey Chris., London

Cooke, Bryan, Melton

*Cooper, Edw. S., Sligo county

Cornewall, sir George, bart.; Hereford county

Cornwallis, hon. William, Eye

Corry, right honourable Isaac, Newport, Hants

*Cotes, John, Salop

*Cotterell, sir John Geers, bart.; Hereford county

*Cotton, Stapleton, Newark

Courtenay, John, Appleby

Cowper, hon. E. Spencer, Hertford borough

*Craufurd, Charles, East Retford

*Cripps, Joseph, Cirencester

Curtis, sir Wm., bart., London

Curwen, John Chris., Carlisle

Curzon, hon. Robert, Clitherow

Cust, hon. John, Clitherow

Dalkeith, earl of, Marlborough

Daly, right honourable Denis B., Galway county

Daly, James, Galway town

Daniell, Ralph Allen, West Looe

Dashwood, Sir Henry Watkin, bart.; Woodstock

Davenport, Davies, Chester county

Dawson, Richard, Monaghan

*Denison, William Joseph, Kingston-upon-Hull

Dent, John, Lancaster borough

*De Ponthieu, John, Helleston

Dickinson, William; Lostwithiel, Somerset

Dillon, hon. Henry Aug., Mayo

*Disbrowe, Edward, Windsor

*Doyle sir John, bart.; Newport, Hants.

Drake, T. D. Tyrwhitt, Agmondesham

Drake, Th. Tyrw., Agmondesham

Dugdale, Dug. Stratford, Warwick county

Duigenan, P., Armagh borough

Dundas, Charles, Berks.

Dundas, honourable Charles Lau., Richmond

Dundas, hon. Lau., York city

Dundas, hon. R., Edinburgh-shire

Dundas, right hon. William, Sutherland-shire

Ebrington, lord visct., Barnstaple

*Eden, hon. W. F. Elliott, Woodstock

*Edmonstone, Charles, Dumbarton-shire

Eliot, hon. William, Liskeard

*Elliott, honourable Gilbert, M. K., Ashburton

Elliott, right honourable William, Peterborough

Ellison, Richard, Lincoln city

Erskine, right honourable Henry, Lochmaben, &c.

Estcourt, T. Grimston, Devizes

Euston, earl of, Cambridge University

Everett, Thomas, Ludgershall Eyre, Anthony Hardolph, Nottingham county

Falkiner, F. J., Dublin county

Fane, Francis, Dorchester

Fane, Henry, Lyme Regis

Fane, John, Oxford county

*Fawcett, Henry, Grampound

*Fawkes, Walter, York county

Fellowes, hon. Newton, Andover

Fellowes, Robert, Norwich

Fellowes, William Henry, Huntingdon borough

Ferguson, James, Aberdeenshire

*Ferguson, Robert, Fife-shire

*Ferguson, Ronald Crauford, Burntisland, &c.

Fetherstone, sir T. bart.; Longford

Finch, honourable Edward, Cambridge town

Fitzgerald, right hon. Jas., Ennis

Fitzgerald, right hon. M., Kerry

Fitzgerald, lord Rt. S., Kildare, Tralee

Fitzharris, lord viscount, Horsham, [dble ret.]

Fitzhugh, William, Tiverton

Fitzpatrick, right honourable Richard, Tavistock

Fitzroy, lord Charles, Bury St. Edmunds

*Fitzroy, lord William, Thet ford

Fleeming, hon. C., Stirling-shire

Foley, hon. Andrew, Droitwich

Foley, Thomas, Droitwich

Foljambe, F. Fer. Higham Ferrers

Folkes, sir Martin Browne, bart.; King's Lynn

Folkestone, lord viscount, New Sarum

*Forbes, lard visct., Longford

Forester, Cecil, Wenlock

Foster, right hon. John, Louth

Francis, sir Philip, Appleby

Frankland, Wm., Gueenborough

Fraser, Alex. M., Ross shire

Frederick, sir John, bart.; Surrey

*Fremantle, T. F., Sandwich

Fremantle, W. H., Harwich

French, Arthur, Roscommon

Fuller, John, Sussex

Fydell, Thomas, Boston

*Fynes, Henry, Aldborough, Yorkshire

Gamon, sir R., bart.; Winchester

Garland, George, Poole

Garlies, lord visct., Haslemere

Garrow, William, Callington

Gascoyne, Isaac, Liverpool

*Gaskell, Benjamin, Malden

*Giddy, Davies, Bodmyn

Giles, Daniel, East Grinsted

*Goddard, Thomas, Cricklade

Godfrey, Thomas, Hythe

Gooch, Thos. Sherlock, Suffolk

*Gore, William, Leitrim

Gower, Edw. Leveson, Truro

Gower, lord Gran. Leveson, Stafford county

Graham, sir James, bart.; Ripon

Graham, James, Cockermouth

Graham, Thomas, Perthshire

Grant, Charles, Inverness-shire

Grant, Francis Wm., Forres, &c.

Grant, right honourable sir William, Bamff-shire

Grattan, rt. hon. H., Dublin city

*Greenhill, Robert, Thirsk

Grenfell, Pascoe, Great Marlow

Grenville, right hon. Thomas, Buckingham borough

Grimston, hon. J. W., St. Alban's

Grosvenor, Richard Earle Drax, Chester city

Grosvenor, Thomas, Chester city

*Hall, Benjamin, Totness

Hamilton, load A., Lanelkshire

Hamilton, sir H. D. bart.; Airshire

Hamilton, Hans, Dublin county

Hammet, John, Taunton

*Harbord, honourable Edward, Yarmouth, Norfolk

Harvey, Eliab, Essex

Hawkins, sir Christopher, Grampound, Penryn, and Mitchell

*Hawkins, Hen., Boroughbridge

*Headley, lord, Ripon

Heathcote, sir Gilbert, bart.; Lincoln county

Henderson, Anthony, Brackley

*Henderson, sir John, bart., Culross, &c.

Henniker, Lord, Rutland

Herbert, hon. Charles, Wilton

*Herbert, Henry Arthur, Kerry

*Herbert, hon. Wm., Hants

*Heron, Peter, Newton, Lanc.

*Hibbert, George, Seaford

Hill, sir George Fitzgerald, bart.; Londonderry city, Coleraine

Hill, hon. Wm., Shrewsbury

Hinchingbrook, lord viscount, Huntingdon county

Hippisley, sir J. C. bart.; Sudbury

Hobhouse, Benjamin, Hindon

Hodson, John, Wigan

Holdsworth, A. H., Dartmouth

Honyman, Robert, shires of Orkney and Zetland

*Honywood, William, Kent

*Hood, sir Samuel, Westminster

Hope, hon. A., Linlithgowshire

Hope, hon. C., Haddingtonshire

Hope, W. J., Dumfries-shire

*Horner, Francis, St. Ives

Horrocks, Samuel, Preston

Howard, Henry, Gloucester city

*Howard, hon. Wm., Morpeth

Howick, lord viscount, Northumberland

*Howorth, Humphrey, Evesham

*Hughan, Thomas, East Retford

Hughes, Wm. L., Wallingford

Hume, Wm. Hoare, Wicklow

Huntingfield lord, Dunwich

*Huntley, Marquis of, Eye

Hurst, Robert, Steyning

Huskisson, Liskeard

Hussey, Wm., New Sarum

Hutchinson, hon. C. H., Cork city

*Irving, John, Bramber

*Jackson, John, Dover

*Jacob, William, Westbury

Jeffery, John Poole

Jekyll, Joseph, Calne

*Jenkinson, Charles, Dover

Jephson, Denham, Mallow

Jervoise, J. C., Yarmouth, Hants

*Jocelyn, lord viscount, Louth

Jodrell, Henry, Bramber

Johnes, Thos., Cardigan county

Johnstone, George, Heydon

Jolliffe, Hylton, Petersfield

*Jones, Gilbert, Aldborough, Yorkshire

*Jones, L. P., Horsham [dbleret.]

Keck, G. A. L., Leicester county

Keene, W., Montgomery borough

*Kemp, Thomas, Lewes

*Kenrick, William, Blechingly


ington, lord, Haverfordwest

King, sir John Dashwood bart.; Chipping Wye


Kingston, John, Lymington

*Knatchbull, sir Edward, bart.; Kent

*Knight, Robert, Wotton Basset

Knox, honourable George, Dublin University. Dungannon

*Knox, hon. Thomas, Tyrone

Ladbroke, Robert, Malmesbury

Lamb, hon. Wm., Lauder, &c.

Lambton, R. J., Durham city

Langston, John, Bridgwater

Lascelles, hon. E., Northallerton

Latouche, D., Catherlogh county

Latouche, Robert, Kildare

Laurence, F., Peterborough

Leach, John, Seaford

Lefevre, Charles Shaw, Reading

*Leigh, Charles, New Ross

Leigh, Jas. Hen., Great Bedwin

Leigh, Robert Holt, Wigan

Leland, John, Stamford

Lemon, John, Truro

Lemon, sir Wm. bart.; Cornwall

Lennox, Charles, Sussex

Leslie, Ch. Powell, Monaghan

*Lethbridge, sir John, bart. ; Minehead

Lethbridge, T. Buckler, Somerset

Leycester, Hugh, Milborne Port

*Liddell, sir Thomas H., bart.; Durham county

*Lismore, lord, Lostwithiel

Littleton, sir Edward, bart.; Stafford county

*Lloyd, sir Edward Pryce, bart.; Flint borough

*Lloyd, James Martin, Steyning

*Lockhart, W. E., Selkirk-shire

Loftus, Wm., Tamworth

Long, right hon. C., Haslemere

*Long, Richard, Wilts

Longfield, Mountifort, Cork city

*Longman, George, Maidstone

Lovaine, lord, Beeralston

Loveden, Edw. L., Shaftesbury

Lowther, James, Westmorland

Lowther, John, Cumberland, Cockermouth

Lubbock, sir John, bart.; Leominster

Lushington, sir Stephen, bart.; Plympton Earle

*Lushington, Stephen, Yarmouth, Norfolk

Lygon, hon. Wm. B., Worcester county

*Lyttleton, hon. Wm. Henry, Worcester county

Macdonald, James, Newcastle-under-Lyme

Macdowall, Wm., Renfrewshire

*Mackenzie, hon. J. S. W., Bute-shire

*Mackenzie, John Randoll, Wick, &c.

M'Mahon, John, Aldeburgh, Suffolk

Macnaghten, Edm. A., Antrim

Madocks, Wm. Alex., Boston

Magens, Mag. D., Ludgershall

*Mahon, lord visct., Wendover

*Mahon, hon. S., Roscommon

Maitland, John, Chippenham

'Maitland, lord visct., Camelford

Mann, sir Horace, bart.; Sandwich

Manners, lord Charles Som., Cambridge county

Manners, lord Robert, Leicester county

Manners, Robert, Cambridge town

*Manners, Russell, Grantham

*Manners, sir William, bart.; Ivelchester

Manning, William, Evesham

Markham, John, Portsmouth

Markham, Osborne, Calne

Marsham, lord visct., Hythe

Martin, Henry, Kinsale

Martin, James, Tewkesbury

Martin, Rich., Galway county

*Mathew, honourable Montagu, Tipperary

Maule, hon. Wm., Forfarshire

Maxwell, W., Wigtown-shire

May, Edward, Belfast

Meade, hon. John, Down

Mellish, William, Middlesex

Metcalfe, sir Thomas Theophilus, bart.; Abingdon

*Metge, John, Dundalk

Middleton, sir W. bart.; Hastings

Milbanke, sir Ralph, bart.; Durham county

Mildmay, sir H. P. St. John, bart.; Winchester

Milford, lord, Pembroke county

*Miller, sir Thomas, bart.; Portsmouth

Mills, Chas., Warwick borough

Mills, William, Coventry

Milner, Sir William, Mordaunt, bart.; York city

*Milnes, Robert Pemberton, Pontefract

*Milton, lord viscount, Malton

*Mingay, James, Thetford

Monckton, honourable Edward, Stafford borough

*Monson, honourable William, Lincoln city

*Montagu, Mat., St. Germans

Montgomery, sir James, bart.; Peebles-shire

*Moore, lord Henry, Orford

Moore, Peter, Coventry

Mordaunt, Charles, Warwick county

Morgan, Charles, Monmouth county

Morpeth, lord viscount, Cumberland

Morris, Edw. Newport, Cornwall

Morris, Robert, Gloucester city

Mostyn, sir Thomas, bart.; Flint county

*Mozley, sir Oswell, bart.; Portarlington

Muncaster, lord, Westmorland

Mundy, E. M., Derby county

*Murray, sir Patrick, bart.; Edinburgh city

*Neale, sir Harry, bart.; Lymington

*Needham, hon. Fran., Newry

Nepean, right honourable sir Evan, bart.; Bridport

Newark, lord viscount, Nottingham county

Newborough, lord, Beaumaris

Newport, right hon. sir J., bart.; St. Mawes, Waterford city

Nicholl, sir John, Hastings

Noel, Gerard Noel, Rutland

Northey, W.; Newport, Cornwall

*Nugent, sir Geo., Aylesbury

O'Brien, sir Edw., bart.; Clare

*O'Callaghan, James, Tregony

Odell, Wm., Limerick county

*Ogle, Henry Meade, Drogheda

O'Hara, Charles, Sligo county

O'Neill, hon. John, Antrim

*Onslow, hon. T. Cranley, Guildford

Ord, William, Morpeth

Osborn, John, Bedford county

Ossulston, lord, Knaresborough

*Paget, lord, Milborne Port

Paget, right hon. sir Arthur, Anglesey

Paget, hon. Charles, Carnarvon borough

Palk, sir Laurence, bart.; Devon

Palk, Walter, Ashburton

Palmer, John, Bath

*Palmerston, lord viscount, Horsham [dble ret.]

Parnell, Henry, Queen's County

Parsons, right hon. sir Laurence, bart.; King's County

Patteson, John, Norwich

Paxton, sir William, Carmar-then county

Peele, sir Robert, bart.; Tam-worth

Peirse, Henry, Northallerton

Pelham, hon. Charles Andrew, Great Grimsby

*Pelham, hon, George Andrew, Great Grimsby

Perceval, honourable Spencer, Northampton borough

Percy, earl, Launceston

*Percy, hon. J., Beeralston

*Perring, John, New Romney

Petty, lord Henry, Cambridge University

*Philipps, R. M., Staffordborough

Phipps, hon. Edm., Scarborough

Piggott, sir Arthur, Arundel

Pitt, Wm. Morton, Dorset

Plumer, Wm. Hertford county

*Plummer, Thomas William, Yarmouth, Hants

Pole, sir Charles Morice, bart.; Plymouth

Pole, hon. W. W., Queen's County

*Ponsonby, hon. Frederick, Kilkenny county

Ponsonby, honourable George, Cork county

*Popham, sir H., Shaftesbury

Porcher, J. D., Blechingly

Porchester, lord, Cricklade

Porter, George, Stockbridge

Portman, Edw. Berk., Dorset

*Ponlett, hon. V., Bridgwater

Powell, John Kynaston, Salop

*Power, R., Waterford county

Poyntz, W. S., St. Albans

Praed, William, Banbury

price, sir Charles, bart.; London

Price, Richard, New Radnor

Primrose, lord visct, Cashell

*Prittie, hon. F. A., Tipperary

Proby, lord viscount, Huntingdon county

Pulteney, sir J., bart.; Weymouth and Melcombe Regis

Pym, Francis, Bedford county

Pytches, John, Sudbury

*Quin, hon. W., Limerick county

Raine, Jonathan, Wareham

*Ramsay, honourable John, Aberbrothock, &c.

*Ramsbottom, Ric., Windsor

*Rancliffe, lord, Minehead

Ridley, sir Matthew White, bart.; Newcastle-upon-Tyne

Robarts, Abr., Worcester city

*Robinson, hon. Frederick, Catherlogh borough

Robinson, John, Bishops Castle

Robson, R. B., Oakhampton

Rochfort, Gustavus, Westmeath

Romilly, sir Sam., Queenborough

*Roscoe, William, Liverpool

Rose, right hon. G., Christchurch

Rose, Geo. Hen., Southampton

Ross, sir C., bart.; Lanerk, &c.

*Royston, lord visct.; Reigate

Russell, Matthew, Saltash

Russell, lord William, Surrey

Rutherfurd, J., Roxburgh-shire

*Ruthven, E. S., Downpatrick

Ryder, hon. Richard, Tiverton

Salusbury, sir Robert, bart.; Brecon borough

Savage, Francis, Down

*Saxon, Nathanael, Ivelchester

Scott, right hon. sir William, Oxford University

Scudamore, R. P., Hereford city

Seymour, lord Robert, Orford

Shakespeare, Arthur, Richmond

*Sharp, Richard, Castle Rising

*Shaw, James, London

Shaw, Robert, Dublin city

Sheldon, Ralph, Wilton

Shelley, Henry, Lewes

Shelley, Tim., New Shoreham

Sheridan, right hon. Richard Brinsley, Westminster

*Simeon, John, Reading

*Simmons, James, Canterbury

Simpson, hon. John, Wenlock

*Simson, George, Maidstone

*Skene, George, Kintore, &c.

Smith, George, Wendover

Smith, John, Nottingham town. Midhurst

Smith, Joshua, Devizes

Smith, Sam., Leicester borough

Smith, Thos. A., Andover

Smyth, right hon. J., Pontefract

Smyth, William, Westmeath

Sneyd, N., Cavan. Enniskillen

Somerset, lord A. J. H., Monmouth county

Somerset, lord Charles Henry, Monmouth borough

Somerset, lord R. E. H., Gloucester county

Somerville, sir M., bart; Meath

Spencer, lord Francis Almarick, Oxford county

Spencer, lord Robert, Tavistock

Stanhope, Walter S., Carlisle

Staniforth, John, Kingston-upon-Hull

Stanley, Lord, Preston

Stanley, Thos. Lancaster county

Steele, Robert, Weobly

Steele, right hon. T., Chichester

*Stephens, Samuel, St. Ives

Steward, Gabriel Tucker, Weym and Melcombe Regis

Steward, Richard Tucker, Weym and Melcombe Regis

Stewart, hon. Charles William, Londonderry county

*Stewart, hon. Edward Richard, Wigtown, &c.

Stewart, sir J., bart.; Donegal

Stewart, James, Tyrone

Stewart, hon. Mo. Gr. J., Stewartry of Kircudbright

Stopford, lord viscount, Great Bedwin

*Stopford, hon. Robert, Ipswich

Strachey, sir Henry, bart.; East Grinsted

Strahan, Andrew, Wareham

Strutt, Joseph Holden, Malden

Stuart, lord William, Cardiff

*Sumner, G. H., Guildford

*Sutton, C. M., Scarborough

*Swann, Henry, Penryn

Symonds, T. P., Hereford city

Taylor, Charles William, Wells

*Taylor, Michael Angelo, Rye

*Taylor, William, Barnstaple

Temple, earl, Bucks.

Templetown, lord, visct.; Bury St. Edmunds

*Thistlethwayte, Thos., Hants.

Thomas, George, Chichester

Thornton, Henry, Southwark

Thornton, Robert, Colchester

Thoroton, Thomas, Grantham

Thynne, lord George, Weobly

Thynne, lord John, Bath

Tierney, right hon. G., Athlone

Tighe, William, Wicklow

Titchfield, marquis of, Bucks.

Topping, James, Thirsk

*Tower, Alexander, Berwick-upon-Tweed

Townshend, lord John, Knaresborough

Townshend, hon. W. Aug., Whitchurch

*Tremayne, Jno. H., Cornwall

*Trench, F. W., Mitchell

Tudway, Clement, Wells

*Tuffnell, Wm., Colchester

*Turton, sir Thomas, bart.; Southwark

Tyrwhitt, Thomas, Plymouth

*Vane, sir Frederick Fletcher bart.; Winchelsea

Vansittart, George, Berks.

Vansittart, right hon. Nich., Helleston. Old Sarum

Vaughan, hon. John, Cardigan borough

Vaughan, sir R. W., Merioneth

*Vernon, G. G. V., Litchfield

Vereker, Chas., Limerick city

*Vyse, Richard, Beverley

Walpole, lord, King's Lynn

Walpole, hon. G., Dungarvan

Ward, hon. J. W., Petersfield

Wedderburn, sir David, bart.; Cupar, &c.

*Wentworth, Godfrey, Tregony

Wharton, John, Beverley

*Wharton, Rich., Durham city

Whitbread, S., Bedford borough

*Whitmore, Thos., Bridgnorth

Wickham, right hon. William, Callington. Midhurst

Wigram, sir Robert, bart.; Wexford town

*Wigram, Robert, Fowey

Wilberforce, Wm.,York county

*Wilder, Francis John, Horsham [double ret.] Arundel

Wilkins, Walter, Radnor county

Williams, Owen, Great Marlow

Williams, sir Robert, bart.; Carnarvon county

Williams, Rob., Wotton Basset

Willoughby, Henry, Newark

*Wilson, Richard, Ipswich

Windham, right hon. William, Norfolk. New Romney

*Wingfield, William, Bodmyn

*Wood, James Athol, Gatton

Wood, Mark, Gatton

*Wood, Thomas, B

econ county

Woolmore, John, Westbury

Wortley, J. A. S., Bossiney

Wright, J. A., Oxford city

Wyndham, Hen. Penrud., Wilts

Wyndham, Thos., Glamorgan

Wynn, sir W. Williams, bart.; Denbigh county

Wynn, Charles W. Williams, Montgomery county

Yarmouth, earl of, Lisburne

Yorke, right honourable Charles, Cambridge county

Yorke, sir J. S., St. Germans

Young, sir William, bart.; Buckingham borough


During the First Session of the Third Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the Kingdom of Great Britain the Twentieth, appointed to meet at Westminster, the Twenty-eighth Day of August, and from thence continued, by several Prorogations, to the Fifteenth Day of December, in the Forty-seventh Year of the Reign of His Majesty King GEORGE the Third, Annoque Domini 1806.

Monday, December 15, 1806.

THIS being the day appointed for the meeting of the New Parliament, the lord chancellor came to the house about two o'clock, and acquainted the house, that his majesty, not thinking fit to be personally present this day, had been pleased to cause a commission to be issued under the great seal, in order to the opening and holding of the parliament.—Then four of the lords commissioners, viz, the archbishop of Canterbury, the lord chancellor, the earl of Aylesford, and lord Walsingham, being seated on a form placed between the throne and the woolsack; the lord chancellor commanded the gentleman usher of the black rod to let the commons know, that the lords commissioners desired their immediate attendance in that house to hear the commission read. In a few minutes the commons appeared at the bar in great number, preceded by the black rod, and by the senior, and other clerks of the house. The lord chancellor then said,—"My lords, and gentlemen of the house of commons; His majesty not thinking fit to be present here this day, in his royal person, has been pleased, in order to the opening and holding of this parliament, to cause letters patent to be passed under his great seal, constituting us and several other lords, therein named, his commissioners, to do all things in his majesty's name, on his part necessary to be performed in this parliament: this will now fully appear by the letters patent themselves which will now be read."—Then the letters patent were read by the clerk; after which, the

lord chancellor said:—"My lords and gentlemen of the house of commons; We have it in command from his majesty to let you know, that, as soon as the members of both houses shall be sworn, the causes of his majesty's calling this parliament will be declared to you; and, it being necessary that a speaker of the house of commons should be first chosen, it is his majesty's pleasure that you, gentlemen of the house of commons, do repair to the place where you are to sit, and there proceed to the choice of some proper person to be your speaker; and that you present here such person whom you shall so choose, to-morrow, at twelve o'clock, for his majesty's royal approbation."—The commons immediately withdrew, and the lords commissioners retired to unrobe. As soon as prayers were over, the lord chancellor was first sworn singly; and afterwards all the peers present took the usual oaths and their seats.

Monday, December 15.

The new parliament met this day, pursuant to his majesty's proclamation. At 12 o'clock the earl of Aylesbury (lord steward of his majesty's household) came down, and, assisted by Mr. Ley, the principal clerk, and the other clerks of the house of commons, proceeded to administer, in one of the antichambers, the usual oaths to such members of the commons as were attending to be sworn. After taking the oaths. the several members repaired to their seats in the house of commons, to wait the summons of the lords commissioners, to attend
at the bar of the house of peers, to hear the commission read. About a quarter past two, a message by Mr. Quarme, deputy usher of the black rod, announced, that the lords commissioners, by virtue of his majesty's commission, desired the immediate attendance of that house in the house of peers, to hear the commission read. In consequence, a great number of members attended Mr. Ley, the chief clerk, according to the usual practice, to the upper house, where, after the commission was read in form, the lord chancellor, as one of the commissioners, acquainted both houses that his majesty would defer declaring the cause of calling this present parliament, until the members of both houses should be sworn, and the members of the house of commons should have chosen a Speaker. His lordship accordingly acquainted the gentlemen of the house of commons, that it was his majesty's pleasure that they should retire to the place where they usually sat, and choose a proper person to be their speaker, and that they should present the person so chosen, at 12 o'clock to-morrow for his majesty's royal approbation. The members then returned to their own house, where, as soon as they had taken their seats,

Mr. Bragge Bathurst
rose and address Mr. Ley, the senior clerk, as follows:— I rise, sir, to call upon the house to exercise one of their most ancient, most undoubted, and, in many respects, most important privileges, and without which our functions would be interrupted, and our deliberations embarrassed. The nature of those functions and those deliberations suggests the necessity of selecting some person from among ourselves, properly qualified to be the voice of the representatives of the people, both in their intercourse with the other house of parliament, and in the exercise of their collective authority over individuals; a person whose peculiar duty it will be to watch over their invaluable privileges, to alarm the jealousy of the house against the encroachments of the other orders of the state, and who, by his authority, wisdom, and experience, will contribute to maintain consistency, order, and regularity in their own proceedings. The great increase of parliamentary business, both of a public and private nature, occupying, as it does, so large a portion of the year; the constant and numerous attendance of the members of the house on all important questions,
unexampled in modern times at least; the habit of animated, protracted, nd frequent debate, have all tended to render the discharge of the greater part of the duties imposed on the person selected to fill the chair as arduous to himself as they are important to the public. The just application of the various precedents standing upon the recorded authority of our proceedings, as well as of the no less established, though unwritten forms and regulations, which constitute the law of parliamentary usage, is a task difficult in itself, and of the last consequence to the house to have it well executed. With respect to the former, the right hon. gent. whose name I shall presently mention, has been the first to support them. I could allude to many illustrious instances, when high and distinguished characters, unhappily now no more, have shewn that those written records, and parliamentary usages, are the best bulwarks of our rights, and constitute that impartial law, which, like the forms of the constitution itself, conciliates liberty with order, and, from an apparent discordancy of parts, produces an harmony of the whole. The talents requisite for a due discharge of the arduous duties of a speaker of the house of commons are not of an ordinary description. It is necessary that he who is invested with that high office, should possess an impartiality that secures confidence, a dignity that commands respect, and a temper and affability that disarm contention. These qualities are, however, only the concomitants of others equally important; a sound judgment, a cultivated understanding, a knowledge not merely of parliamentary forms, but of mankind and the world, are indispensable to the constitution of the authority of the speaker of this house. To a person possessed of these qualifications the house cannot but be disposed to entrust the full exercise of their power, because they must be assured that they will be exerted for the general good. The object of their choice will derive from that power the means of relaxing, where occasion demands, the severity and strictness of their rules and orders.—Having thus, sir, described, however imperfectly, some of the requisites of the speaker of this house, I am aware of some others which ought to be possessed by the person who should fill that chair, and I should scarcely venture to propose any gentleman to a situation which requires so many qualities to fulfil it, on any impressions, or on any judgment of my own;
but I am confident the house will go before me on this occasion. [Hear! hear!] It will be disposed to select for the chair a person rather from experience of the past, than from the recommendation of any individual. If, sir, the sight of that chair reminds me of the duties attached to, and the requisites to fill it, I am persuaded it will call to the recollection of the house the manner in which it has been filled. The difficulty under which I labour, consists not in the apprehension of what will be the collected sense of the house. In detailing the duties of a Speaker, and in proposing Mr. Abbot as a fit person to fulfil them—[a general cry of hear! hear!] the difficulty I feel, consists not in my apprehensions of an uniformity of opinion, but in the recollection of the very superior manner in which that right hon. gent. was proposed and supported in a former instance, by a learned gent. (sir William Scott) whom I do not now see in his place. But, I console myself with the reflection, that the experience of Mr. Abbot's public character, and the general extension of that wisdom and knowledge he has evinced from his first taking his seat, make it less difficult for the house to dispense with ability on the part of the person who again proposes him. I am the less anxious concerning my own deficiency, in the manner I have stated the duties of the situation of speaker, because I am convinced the house will refer to the high character of the gentleman I have proposed, and give me credit for having passed by many topics of eulogium to which he has a just claim. I am not only conscious that the conduct of the right hon. gent. I have named, justifies much higher panegyric than I have passed upon him; but l am free to declare, that Mr. Abbot has exhibited a more perfect model of the office itself, than ever I had formed an idea of in the abstract. There are other topics of praise to which he is equally entitled. In speaking of the general duties of the office, I have passed over, with reference to Mr. Abbot, the facility of private intercourse with, and access to him on matters of business; I have omitted to notice his dignified hospitality, which conforms so well to the wise munificence of parliament. These are qualities which have been well known, and often experienced by those present, who were members of the late parliament. But I might also have adverted to that indefatigable industry, with which he has applied him-
self to public business in general, and particularly to that enquiry into the state of the Public Records of this house, which was instituted on his own suggestion. Through this enquiry, the public will have the benefit of those stores of ancient wisdom, which were hitherto confined to private and individual research. The same comprehensive mind, and the same application of great talents, are as peculiarly required for the higher duties he has to discharge, and the success and ability by him displayed upon the subject to which I have alluded, is a pledge of what may be expected from him on every occasion which relates to the proceedings of this house, and the general advantage of the public. It is upon these considerations, as well as upon many others, I feel it my duty to move, "That the right hon. Charles Abbot do take the chair of this house as speaker." [Hear, hear!]

Mr. Wilberforce
said, that in seconding the proposition of his right hon. friend, he felt the embarrassment of the situation in which he placed himself, by venturing to prescribe to the house, in the most remote degree, any course that it was to adopt on so solemn and important an occasion. At the same time he confessed, that he was considerably relieved from this embarrassment, by the manner in which he perceived the proposition, just submitted to them, had been received by the house. It often happened to a member of parliament, that he felt himself obliged painfully to discharge certain duties, from a sense of public principle, though contrary to his private feelings, because there must always be a sacrifice of private considerations to public duties. But he had then the satisfaction to say, that he was about to discharge a duty which, whilst it accorded with every private feeling, was, at the same time, equally consistent with the most scrupulous regard to public duty. His right hon. friend had well pointed out some of the leading qualifications for the office of speaker, as well as the great importance of that high and confidential situation. But he that would calculate all the important duties of the speaker of the house of commons, would undertake a great and difficult task indeed. It was an office commensurate with all the functions of parliament, and consequently identified with the existence of parliament and the freedom and happiness of the people. The qualifications of a speaker were great and numerous, and, perhaps, it was difficult to form an accurate estimate of
their real value, on account of the quiet times in which we had lived. It was a common disposition of the public mind to imagine, when matters went on quietly, that they went on of themselves, and without any actuating impulse; but those to whom he was addressing himself knew, that although the principle of action was kept out of view, it was that principle which directed the whole machine, gave it motion, and preserved the order and harmony of all its parts. Undoubtedly it was not to be supposed, that, because we had lived happily in times when the public liberty was secure, and the privileges of this house unendangered, that it was therefore unimportant to choose a man as speaker of the house of commons, who was intimately acquainted with all the parts of the British Constitution. In the exercise of this privilege, they should not shut out from their view, that the happiness of the people, and the interests of the empire, depended in a great degree, on their choice. They should not merely, because they happened to live in quiet times, leave objects of such magnitude to accidental events. They should, by the wisdom of their choice, guard against the possibility of future evils. It was peculiarly necessary that he who was placed in the chair of the house of commons, should be intimately acquainted with the constitution of the country, in order that he might be sensible of those slight deviations, which in the end introduced great and material alterations. It was only by such an intimate acquaintance that any man could estimate the importance of small changes, and know how in the first instance to check and repress them. Therefore, among the qualifications of a speaker a perfect acquaintance with the constitution of the country was a first and indispensable one. Whoever was intimately acquainted with the constitution, could not but become more and more attached to it, and in proportion as he developed its secret springs, contemplate it as the source of public happiness. Unquestionably too, an extensive acquaintance with the history of the country, and a perfect knowledge of its constitutional, or parliamentary history, was requisite. It must also be obvious to every one, that the speaker of the house of commons should be a man who had sagacity and penetration to decide on the instant; that he should be possessed of an uncommon degree of recollection and memory, a soundness of judgment, a temper
not to be ruffled, and a suavity of manners, It was unnecessary for him to mention how peculiarly the right hon. gent. who had been proposed was gifted with all these qualities. The recollection of those who had known him during the late sessions would supply abundant instances in which they had been conspicuously exerted. He might mention various other qualifications, but they had been alluded to by his right hon. friend. There was one with respect to which he could not avoid saying a word or two. He referred to those peculiar qualifications which characterized the proposed speaker for what, by rather a misapplication of the term, was called Private Business. Certainly, compared with those great questions which constantly occupied the attention of the house, it might with propriety be denominated private business. The house was always engaged upon subjects of national importance; but there were matters of private business, which, although they did not attract observation, were no less essential to the interests of the public. It was not merely the value of the property at stake, though it would excite astonishment if he were to state the amount of the property decided upon by the committees of the house, but there was something in such decisions even of more importance than any pecuniary sum could give an idea of. It was, that the character of parliament itself was in a considerable degree concerned in the variety of questions that arose concerning the property of individuals. Of those questions he was well persuaded no person was better qualified to judge than the right hon. gent. who had been proposed as speaker. If those questions were decided in a summary way, without a just sense of the importance of adhering to principles of law, he knew nothing that would be more likely to infuse into the public an alienation of mind with regard to the house of commons; therefore it was desirable that the house of commons should be known and acknowledged as a place where the rights of the subject were always safe. It was equally important that the person in the chair should be considered as the guardian of the weak, and the protector of the poor. The opulent and powerful would attend to their own interests, but upon all questions where the private property of individuals was concerned, whatever their situation might be, it was important and requisite that there should be a man to inspect and,
watch over them, who would see that precedents were carefully adhered to, and the true principles of legislation not departed from. He had dwelt the more upon this topic, because he had witnessed the many instances in which Mr. Abbot had applied knowledge and experience to this desirable purpose, whereby he had sustained the character of parliament, and endeared the house of commons to the warmest affections of the people of England. It was, therefore, with singular satisfaction he seconded the motion made by his right hon. friend; and, as he had just observed, it was not from the ordinary habits of his life and pursuits that the house was warranted in conceiving he would fill the chair with ability and dignity, but from the experience that he had done so already, and consequently would do it again. It was impossible not to know, that, even before he had been raised to the chair, he had given a pleasing anticipation of the patriotic feeling by which he intended to be governed; that he had rendered services to the country, which must have endeared him to the house; that he had sat at the head of a committee appointed to investigate and examine into all public offices of the kingdom, with a view to the adoption of a system of economy. For his own part, there was no man who considered with more satisfaction than himself the elevation of that right hon gent. to the situation and rank of first commoner of the empire; but he should have contemplated it as a public robbery, if he had been placed there before he had had an opportunity of rendering to his country those services he had performed, and of pointing out to his successor the means by which similar honours were to be attained, and shewing him, that, in order to merit such a distinguished preeminence, he must become, like himself, an upright independent member of parliament, the true friend to the constitution of the country, and the faithful guardian of the liberties of the people. It was for those qualities he had been raised to his situation, that his principles might act with fuller effect.—He begged pardon of the house, for having detained them so long; but it was natural to expatiate upon pleasing theme. He had the satisfaction of knowing that he spoke to those approved of the proposition of his right hon. friend. It was gratifying to him to feel that what was wanting in his expres-
sions of admiration and esteem, was more than made up by the universal approbation of the house. This reminded him of another qualification, perhaps the most essential of all, and certainly one that could not be possessed by any person who had not filled the situation of speaker. It was not merely that the house had the experience of past years, but they knew that the right hon. gent. proposed to honour their chair would possess the confidence and attachment of the house, and nothing was of greater importance than that he should possess it. It was an assurance that he would vindicate the rights of parliament on the one hand, and prevent the disposition of members to extend those rights too far, to the prejudice of other branches of the legislature. He had but one word more. There was one quality he possessed in a most eminent degree. It was, that at the same time he had shewn his love of public liberty, true constitutional liberty, he had manifested a due sense and proper regard of the privileges of parliament. He had shewn that true greatness of mind which impelled him to consider it as equally dangerous to the constitution, that the commons should attempt to strain their privileges beyond their due bounds, as that they should not assert them when they were attempted to be violated. It required a great mind to be invested with extensive powers, without being, at the same time, disposed to overstrain them. The house were sensible that the right hon. gent. was possessed of all these qualities. He therefore concluded by saying, that to second the motion of his right hon. friend, gave him the most perfect satisfaction, and the greatest possible pleasure.

Mr. Abbot.
In rising to address the house this day, it is impossible for me not to feel the deepest sense of gratitude for the general favour and kindness with which this proposition has been received. Many, very many of the commendations which my honourable friends, by their partiality, have been pleased to bestow upon me, I dare not flatter myself with having merited; and although they are pleased to suppose that my former experience in the chair of this house may afford an argument in favour of their choice, yet that same experience has left on my mind a very different impression; for I am persuaded that whoever aspires to understand and execute the duties of that high
and important office, will readily acknowledge its various difficulties, as well as his own insufficiency. Nevertheless, custom long established, and a just respect towards the house, forbid any person whose services have been already tried in that office from insisting or dwelling much at large on his own demerits. I do therefore commit myself wholly to the pleasure of the house, with an earnest hope that the event of their choice may not be injurious to its interests, or detrimental to its honour.—Mr. Abbot was then conducted to the chair by Mr. Bragge Bathurst and Mr. Wilberforce; and when seated therein, he again rose and thus proceeded:—Since it has been the pleasure of the house to place me again in this chair, I have to make my most grateful acknowledgements for this proof of its high and distinguished confidence, and to assure the house, that while I have the happiness to possess that confidence, every moment of my life, both within and without these walls, shall be constantly and faithfully devoted to its service.—The speaker having seated himself in the chair,

Mr. T. Grenville
rose and said, that on an occasion so solemn and important as that of selecting a speaker, it had been not unusual to allow some of its members to express those sentiments which he rejoiced to see were so unanimous. He freely stated, that, on the present occasion, he did not feel it necessary to offer any apology for obtruding himself on the attention of the house. If the business they had so happily concluded had been one which required high talents in the person who offered his congratulations, he should have known himself better than to have offered a single observation; but, in presenting himself the first to congratulate the house, he was only expressing those sentiments which were common to all who heard him. To have a strong sense, and to express it, of the benefit the country had derived from the right hon. gent.'s being placed in the chair; to augur happily of the future by the grateful recollection of the past; to anticipate the services the country would receive; to indulge in the memory of those already conferred; to reflect that by his being placed in the situation in which fortunately he was placed, the house would assure to itself the exercise of a steady and temperate authority, an impartiality and integrity not to be shaken, a rich fund of constitutional know-
ledge, and a just, dispensation of those wise and enlightened opinions which actuated him—these were topics so pleasing to dwell upon, so natural to expatiate upon, that he was persuaded the house would indulge him in pursuing such themes; but yet from those topics he felt himself reluctantly compelled to abstain. When he recollected that the person who was the object of his eulogium, was the person he was addressing, he was compelled by motives of delicacy not to dwell upon the subject, grateful as it was to him. He should conclude by saying, that he did most heartily congratulate the house, the country, and the right hon. gent. himself, on the choice that had been made.—He en moved, that the house do adjourn, and the house adjourned accordingly.

Tuesday, December 16.

This day at twelve o'clock four of his majesty's commissioners, namely, the lord chancellor, the earl of Aylesford, earl Spencer, and lord Walsingham, took their seats in the usual form. Mr. Quarme, the deputy usher of the black rod, was sent to the house of commons to require their attendance. A great number of the members of the house of commons, preceded by Mr. Abbot, in full dress, shortly afterwards appeared at the bar.

Mr. Abbot
addressed the lords commissioners as follows:—My lords, I have to acquaint you, that in compliance with the commands of his majesty, and in the exercise of their undoubted privilege, the commons of the united kingdom, in parliament assembled, have proceeded to the choice of a fit and proper person to fill the high and important situation of speaker to their house. As the object of that choice, I now submit myself for the approbation of his majesty, with due and sincere humility, deeply impressed with a sense of the many and undeserved favours I have already received from his hands, and fully confident of my inadequacy to fulfil the duties of this high situation in a manner correspondent with the dignity and importance of so sacred a trust. But of this I am convinced, that should his majesty conceive the present choice of his faithful commons not consistent with his own and the public interests, they will immediately proceed to the election of some more suitable and proper person to fill that important and dignified situation.


The Lord Chancellor
in the name of the commission said, Gentlemen of the house of commons; We have it in command from his majesty to signify his most gracious approval of the choice you have made in the important appointment of speaker to your house. For my own part when I reflect on the great and comprehensive talents, on the perfect acquaintance with the forms and precedents of parliament, of the gentleman whom you have honoured with your choice; when I reflect on that high character for learning and wisdom for which he is so pre-eminently conspicuous; it is unnecessary for me to say any thing further than merely to express that his majesty fully approves of the object of your choice.

The Speaker
then said,—My lords; His majesty having been most graciously pleased to confirm the choice of his faithful commons, my first duty, after returning my most grateful acknowledgements for the kind manner in which the performance of my duties have been accepted and approved; and after expressing the strong conviction I feel of the indulgence his majesty has ever manifested to unintentional error, is to lay claim, in their name, and on their behalf, to all their ancient rights and privileges; particularly that their persons, estates, and servants, may be free from arrest, and all molestation; that they may enjoy liberty of speech in their debates; that they may have access to his majesty's royal person, whenever occasion may require; and that all their proceedings may receive from his majesty the most favourable construction. For my own part, I do entreat, that whenever any thing in the shape of failing or error may occur, it may be attributed to myself only, and not to his majesty's faithful commons.

The Lord Chancellor
in his majesty's name replied, that the accustomed privileges of the house of commons would be continued to them, and that the most favourable construction would be put upon all their acts.—The commons then withdrew, after which the house adjourned during pleasure. At three the house again met, and sat till four, during which time several peers took the usual oaths and their seats.

Tuesday, December 16.

The Speaker came to the house at 12 o'clock. Soon after this, Mr. Quarme, deputy usher of the black rod, appeared at the

bar, and summoned the house to the house of peers.

The Speaker
accordingly went up, followed by a number of the members. On their return he addressed the house thus:—I have to acquaint the house, that I have been in the house of peers, where his majesty, by his commissioners, has been graciously pleased to approve and confirm the choice of this house, in the election they have made of me to be their speaker, and that I have there laid claim, by humble petition to his majesty, to all our ancient and undoubted rights and privileges; and more especially, freedom from all arrests or molestations, for ourselves, and our servants; freedom of speech in debate, free access to his majesty's royal person, as occasion may require, and that all our proceedings may receive the most favourable construction. All which his majesty has been pleased to allow in as full and ample a manner as has ever been done to any of my predecessors. And now I have again to return you my warmest and most grateful thanks for the high honour which you have been pleased to confer upon me, assuring you, that it is my purpose to act in all matters with the strictest impartiality; and I have, at the same time, to entreat the house to afford me their constant support in maintaining the established rules and orders, all which have been found so necessary for the dignity of our proceedings, and the dispatch of business. I have now only further to remind the house, that the first thing to be done upon the present occasion, is, for the several members to take and subscribe the oaths of supremacy, abjuration, and qualification as the law requires.—The speaker himself first took the usual oaths. The members then came to the table by parties, and were sworn in the usual manner. This business continued till 4 o'clock, when the house adjourned till to-morrow.

Wednesday, December17th

On these days the lord chancellor took his seat on the woolsack at three, and the clerk continued to swear in the peers till four.

Wednesday, 17th December

At 1 o'clock the speaker came down to the house. Several members present took

the Oaths, and made and subscribed the Declaration, and took and subscribed the oath of Adjuration, according to the laws made for those purposes; and such of the said members as are by law required to deliver in to the clerk of the house an account of their Qualification, and to take and subscribe the oath of Qualification, delivered in such account, and took and subscribed the said oath accordingly.

Friday, December 19.

[THE LORDS COMMISSIONERS' SPEECH.] This day at 4 o'clock, his grace the archbishop of Canterbury, the lord chancellor, the earl of Winchelsea, and earl Spencer, being robed, took their seats on the bench in front of the throne, and Mr. Quarme, deputy usher of the black rod, was then dispatched to order the attendance of the commons, who forthwith, with the speaker at their head, appeared at the bar. The royal commission, authorising certain peers therein named, or any three or more of them, to open the parliament, was then read. After which, the Lord Chancellor delivered the following speech to both houses.

"My Lords and Gentlemen;

"His majesty has commanded us to assure you, that in the difficult and arduous circumstances under which you are now assembled, it is a great satisfaction to him to recur to the firmness and wisdom of his parliament, after so recent an opportunity of collecting the sense of his people. His majesty has ordered the papers which have been exchanged in the course of the late negociation with France, to be laid before you. His majesty has employed every effort for the restoration of general tranquillity, on terms consistent with the interest and honour of his people, and with that inviolable good faith towards his allies, by which the conduct of this country has always been distinguished.— The ambition and injustice of the enemy disappointed these endeavours, and in the same moment kindled a fresh war in Europe, the progress of which has been attended with the most calamitous events.—After witnessing the subversion of the .ancient constitution of Germany, and the subjugation of a large proportion of its most considerable states; Prussia found herself still more nearly threatened by that danger, which she had vainly hoped to avert by so many sacrifices. She was therefore

at length compelled to adopt the resolution of openly resisting this unremitted system of aggrandisement and conquest. But neither this determination, nor the succeeding measures, were previously concerted with his majesty; nor had any disposition been shewn to offer any adequate satisfaction for those aggressions which had placed the two countries in a state of mutual hostility.—Yet, in this situation, his majesty did not hesitate to adopt, without delay, such measures as were best calculated to unite their councils and interests, against the common enemy. The rapid course of the calamities which ensued, opposed insurmountable difficulties to the execution of this purpose.—In the midst of these disastrous events, and under the most trying circumstances, the good faith of his majesty's allies has remained unshaken. The conduct of the king of Sweden has been distinguished by the most honourable firmness. Between his majesty and the emperor of Russia, the happiest union subsists; it has been cemented by; reciprocal proofs of good faith and confidence; and his majesty doubts not that you will participate in his anxiety to cultivate and confirm an alliance which affords the only remaining hope of safety for the continent of Europe.

"Gentlemen of the House of Commons;

" His majesty looks with confidence to your assistance in those exertions which the honour and independence of your country demand. The necessity of adding to the public burthens will be painful to your feelings, and is deeply distressing to his majesty. In considering the estimates for the various branches of the public service, you will best consult his majesty's wishes, by combining all practicable economy with those efforts which it is necessary to make against the formidable and increasing power of the enemy.

"My Lords and Gentlemen;

"The long series of misfortune which has afflicted the continent of Europe, could not fail to affect, in some degree, many important interests of this country. But, under every successive difficulty, his majesty has had the satisfaction of witnessing an increasing energy and firmness on the part of his people, whose uniform and determined resistance has been no less advantageous than honourable to themselves, and has exhibited the most striking example to the surrounding nations. The unconquerable valour and discipline of his

majesty's fleets and armies, continue to be displayed with undiminished lustre. The great sources of our prosperity and strength are unimpaired; nor has the British nation been, at .any time, more united in sentiment and action, or more determined to maintain inviolate the independence of the empire, and the dignity of the national character.—With these advantages, and with an humble reliance on the protection of the Divine Providence, his majesty is prepared to meet the exigencies of this great crisis; assured of receiving the fullest support from the wisdom of your deliberations, and from the tried affection, loyalty, and public spirit of his brave people."

The commons then withdrew, and the house adjourned for a short time to unrobe Having again assembled, his majesty's speech was read by the lord chancellor, and afterwards by the clerk at the table.

The Earl of Jersey
rose to move an address to his majesty. In thus rising to address their lordships for the first time, he felt himself in a situation of considerable difficulty, and hoped for their lordships' indulgence. In adverting to the topics contained in his majesty's speech, the first to be noticed was, the negociation between this country and France. As the papers respecting this subject would shortly he laid on their lordships' table, it would not now be regular to enter into any detailed discussion respecting the progress and result of that negociation; it must, however, be evident to the it lordships, from what had already transpired, that the negociation had broken off in consequence of the imperious conduct and exorbitant demands of France. His majesty, anxious that peace should be restored, if that could be attained consistently, with the honour and interests of the country, had ordered the commencement of a negociation, the main business of which was transacted by a man (Mr. Fox) than whom no one was more fit, whose great and comprehensive mind was admirably calculated to embrace all the interests of the country, whose candour and manliness of character were exhibited in the most striking manner, in the frankness, the clearness, and precision, with which he communicated with the French government, whilst, at the same time, he did not give up one jot of the interests or the honour of his country, but asserted them with all the firmness and energy which so important an occasion required. The
negociation then commenced under the most favourable auspices, and, notwithstanding the lamented death of the great man to whom he had alluded, was carried on in the same spirit. That it had failed in producing peace, was to be attributed to the enemy. We certainly had no right to expect, that the French government, under all the circumstances in which it was placed, would consent to any degrading concession; but we were in too proud a situation, and had too much reliance on our own energies, to consent to any humiliation: if the French government would not consent to treat upon equal terms, the fault was theirs. We had deeply to lament the heavy calamities which had fallen upon Prussia, but, at the same time, it was no small satisfaction to us, that the councils of Prussia had not been precipitated into rash measures by the advice or instigation of this country. It was scarcely possible for their lordships to find in all history an instance of a great power so totally overthrown, he might almost say annihilated, in the course of a few days. Prussia, who had made sacrifice after sacrifice to France, apparently with the view of averting war, at length rushed precipitately into hostilities, and met with an unexampled fate. Her example would afford an awful lesson to other states, and would convince them that security was not to be attained by making humiliating sacrifices. It was, however, a source of great satisfaction that this country, when Prussia actually made an effort against the common enemy, did not hesitate immediately to step forward to afford her every assistance which circumstances would permit. In the midst of the calamities which had occurred on the continent, it was highly gratifying to witness the conduct of the king of Sweden, who, whilst he had opposed the enemy by every means in his power, had displayed a firmness and an energy which conferred the highest honour on the character of :that monarch. The contemplation of the conduct of our faithful ally, Russia, also afforded the utmost satisfaction; nothing could be more gratifying than the close alliance which subsisted between this country and Russia, an alliance, of her fidelity to which Russia had given repeated proofs, and particularly in her recent refusal to ratify the rash and inconsiderate act of her minister at Paris. These instances of good faith on the part of Russia, were the more gratifying, that power being now almost the
only ally of this country left, and therefore the cultivation of our alliance with her, became so much the more desirable. That in our present situation great sacrifices must be made, was evident, but when the great object we had in view was contemplated, these sacrifices must sink in the comparison. He was convinced that there was not a man who bore the envied name of a Briton, with all the blessings and privileges attached to that title, who would not cheerfully come forward to make those sacrifices which: were required to maintain the honour and the dignity of the country, our laws, our constitution, and all that was dear to us Let us, said the noble earl, rely upon ourselves, and put forth all our energies. I was true we had, in the course of a twelve. month, lost two men of pre-eminent talent but there was still ability amply enough left, to direct the energies of the country with the best hopes of ultimate success He had no doubt that the parliament and the people would be unanimous in supporting his majesty's government by every exertion in the prosecution of a war, until peace could be obtained, consistent with the honour of the country, but which we could never consent to obtain by making humiliating sacrifices. The valour which had continued to be displayed by his majesty's fleets and armies, was an amply sufficient pledge of our superiority; our little army, if he might call it so, in Calabria had bravely and victoriously sustained the British character, whilst our fleets had every where maintained their accustomed, superiority. With all these advantage and with the great sources of our prosperity and strength unimpaired, we might look forward with confidence to the, result. Relying upon ourselves, and united in sentiment and in action, we might set our economy at defiance, and finally, he trustee bring this great contest to a successful and glorious issue. The noble earl conclude with moving, " That an humble address be presented to his majesty;" which address was, as usual, an echo of his majesty's speech, and nearly the same as that which we insert in this day's proceedings of the house of commons; see page 39. After the address had been read by the lord chancellor, and again by clerk at the table,

Lord Somers
presented himself to the lordships. He rose, he said, to second the address which had been proposed by the noble earl. Concurring as he did
with the noble earl in the sentiments which he had advanced, he felt considerable difficulty in following him upon the same grounds after the ability which the noble earl had displayed. It was his wish to support the present administration, conceiving, that though it combined different parties, those parties were united upon public and patriotic principles, and that it also combined so large a portion of the talent and ability of the country, that every reliance might be placed upon their exertions. In noticing the topics adverted to in his majesty's speech, he should scarcely be able, after what had been said by the noble earl, to avoid repetition: he thought it, however, necessary in seconding the address, to comment briefly upon some of them. With respect to the negotiation, he would abstain from entering into any discussion, as that subject would come regularly before the house, when the papers respecting it were laid upon their lordships' table. The calamities which had befallen Prussia were deeply to be lamented, although it was a consolation to us that this country had no share in producing them. It appeared to him, however, that it was highly laudable in his majesty's ministers, the moment they found a disposition in Prussia to make an effort against France, to seize the opportunity of offering such support and such assistance to Prussia as circumstances might require. It afforded the greatest satisfaction to witness the conduct of Sweden, and of our faithful ally Russia, of whose good faith we had received the most gratifying proofs. The valour of our fleets and armies was a theme for the highest praise, and bade us despise the threats of the enemy, although